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a. Choose a clinical psychology specialty, and provide a brief overview of areas and topics that specialty would address.
b. Find a current research article (within the last 5 years) that discusses a current topic within the clinical psychology specialty that you chose and provide a brief overview of the research article you chose.
2. Peer Responses: Post Constructive Peer Feedback. In addition to posting your main entry, respond to at least TWO (2) of your classmates’ entries. In 3 or more sentences, provide constructive feedback. What did you find interesting? Do you have additional thoughts? Share them. When providing your feedback present the logic behind it.
student 1
a. Forensic Psychology is a “specialty that applies mental health knowledge and expertise to questions about individuals involved in legal proceedings” (University of Maryland Global Campus, 2022, para. 1), with forensic assessments evaluating defendants through:
The evaluation of an individual’s competence to stand trial.
The evaluation of an individual who pleads not guilty because of insanity.
A Forensic Psychologist has clinical skills, such as “clinical assessment, interviewing, report writing, strong verbal communication, and case presentations” (Ward, 2013, para. 3), which are essential in the field, especially as an expert witness in a court setting. These clinical skills can be beneficial for a Forensic Psychologist performing such tasks as “competency evaluations of criminal defendants, counseling services to victims of crime, death notification procedures, screening and selection of law enforcement applicants” (Ward, 2013, para. 3) etc.
b. The following article, Are Psychopathy Assessments Ethical? A View From Forensic Mental Health examines whether psychopathy assessments comply with ethical standards in forensic mental health. The psychopathy assessments informed “violence prediction, threat management, sentencing, parole, etc.” (Griffiths, Jalava, Koch, & Larsen, 2022, page 2) during the past two decades. However, recent empirical research has examined the reliability of psychopathy assessments, raising concerns about the ethics of psychopathy assessments. According to the article, forensic psychologists should refrain from using psychopathy assessments because of the “violation of two of the most fundamental ethical standards” (Griffiths, Jalava, Koch, and Larsen, 2022, page 3), which are to “promote well-being and to do no harm. Thus, the results indicated that “psychopathy assessments provide no clear benefit to the patient” (Griffiths, Jalava, Koch, and Larsen, 2022, page 16), causing ethical concerns, especially with the nonbeneficial, harmful consequences and minimal social benefits for patients.
References:
Griffiths, S., Jalava, J., Koch, P., & Larsen, R. (2022). Are Psychopathy Assessments Ethical? A View From Forensic Mental Health. Journal of Threat Assessment and Management. https://doi-org.ezproxy.umgc.edu/10.1037/tam0000184
Ward, J. T. (2013, September). What is Forensic Psychology? American Psychological Association. Retrieved October 5, 2022, from https://www.apa.org/ed/precollege/psn/2013/09/forensic-psychology#:~:text=The%20practice%20of%20forensic%20psychology%20involves%20investigations%2C%20research%20studies%2C%20assessments,rea%E2%80%9D%20(insanity)%20cases.
student 2
This week’s readings pointed about how our psychological state affects so many different parts of our lives. It was very educational to learn the connection of our mental health on out physical health. The impact stress has on our affects our biology by triggering different chemicals in our bodies. In child psychology it points out that the way a child’s mental state continues to affect him/her for the rest of her life. The impotence of healthy attachment and nurture as a child has an impact that goes far beyond their childhood home. Neuropsychology is an interesting one as well. It makes a clear distinction between the brain and the mental health. The impact of brain damage impacts a person’s psychosocial life. The interconnectedness of the human body is incredibly fascinating.
Health psychology is the connection of mental and physical health. Science proves to us that maintaining a healthy mental life affects our immune system (Hoyt & Panjwani 2017). If we take stress for example, it is a mental state that affects many parts of our physical body. Stress can ignite several diseases such as arthritis, diabetes. Psychological condition such as stress can cause heart disease, immune system dysregulation, and Metabolic diseases. The specialty of Health Psychology also addresses the link between depression and cancer. The field also works on treatment and adjustment to chronic illnesses that may be caused psychological distresses. Moreover, the impact of behavior is also another topic the specialty addresses. Certain behaviors such as addiction to alcohol, smocking and other substance abuses have direct impact on health. The contribution of the field on creating resilience and help patients with reducing impact of the disease, in people who suffer with other diseases such HIV-Aids and in recent years covid-19 is important. (Hoyt & Panjwani 2017).
Find a current research article (within the last 5 years) that discusses a current topic within the clinical psychology specialty that you chose and provide a brief overview of the research article you chose.
According to Gemes et al. (2019), Stress related disorders are leading cause of sickness absence of long term. This study was done to develop clinically implementable prediction model for duration of Sickness Absence (SA). Sickness Absence is diagnosable condition registered in ICD-10: F43. Many organizations have made provisions for unemployment benefit and disability pensions for the disorder. This study was done in Sweden using large nationwide sample. During the study a model was able to be developed among healthy employees to predict the possibility of having SA from 15 to 9 predictors in a survey done on 4000 employees. The study was successful in developing a clinically implementable prediction model for duration of SA spells due to stress related disorders in Sweden (Gemes et al, 2019)
Reference
Gémes, K., Frumento, P., Almondo, G., Bottai, M., Holm, J., Alexanderson, K., & Friberg, E. (2019). A prediction model for duration of sickness absence due to stress-related disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 250, 9–15. https://doi-org.ezproxy.umgc.edu/10.1016/j.jad.2019.01.045
Hoyt, M., & Panjwani, A. (2017). Health psychology: overview. In A. Wenzel (Ed.), The sage encyclopedia of abnormal and clinical psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 1621-1628). SAGE Publications, Inc., https://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781483365817.n661
Learning Resources
Hoyt, M. & Panjwani, A. (2017). Health psychology: overview. In A. Wenzel (Ed.), The sage encyclopedia of abnormal and clinical psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 1621-1628). SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781483365817.n661
Huss, M. & Skovran, L. (2008). Forensic clinical psychology: sensationalism and reality. In S. F. Davis & W. Buskist 21st century psychology: A reference handbook (Vol. 2, pp. II-356-II-365). SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412956321.n90
Licht, C. (2008). Family therapy and therapy with children. In S. F. Davis & W. Buskist 21st century psychology: A reference handbook (Vol. 2, pp. II-333-II-344). SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412956321.n88
Vanderploeg, R. & Belanger, H. (2006). Neuropsychology. In G. L. Albrecht (Ed.), Encyclopedia of disability (Vol. 1, pp. 1147-1149). SAGE Publications, Inc. doi: 10.4135/9781412950510.n579

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