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Question1) Directions, please explain in full detailminimum five hundred… 1) Directions, please explain in full detail?inimum five hundred words. Also, please provide an APA citation and references. LASIK procedures have become more accessible and much more common in recent years. Many patients are attracted to the idea of LASIK, as it can eliminate the need for glasses or contact lenses. Research LASIK and the associated risks and benefits.Hyperopia can be corrected by LASIK. Discuss how this problem affects the physiology vision and how LASIK can be used to correct this problem.2) directions for questions 2- 21research and obtain working knowledge of things like which would be the most common disease states being demonstrated by the case, and which one in particular most fits the case. Review things such as treatments, the most common and a few alternatives, including homeopathic, or OTC. And if the treatment is invasive, will need to know the process of the procedure being performed. Other questions types will be based on the symptomology, and the pathophysiology (what are the disease state changes happening at the cellular/physiological level). A good portion will also ask about lab work or physical examination results.As for the questions wordings, If it states list and explain/describe/demonstrate, please provide an explanation/ description/ demonstration for each item you list.2) Kari is a relatively healthy 42-year-old female with well-managed diabetes. She reports occasional alcohol intake, smokes cigarettes only when drinking, and exercises 3-4 times a week. She has a history of mild myopia, which she has corrected with glasses and contacts since she was 14 years old. Kari has been having trouble seeing at night. It has been gradually getting worse and she was tripped on a rug and bumped into a few walls within the last week. She has also noticed that small text seems blurrier than usual. Kari always makes sure to schedule annual visits to her eye doctor. Luckily, it’s almost time for this year’s check-up because she thinks she might need a new prescription for her glasses and contacts.Kari’s mild myopia means: A) She has trouble seeing objects at a distance. B) Light is focused behind her retina. C) She has trouble focusing on objects close to her face. D) Light is focused on the fovea centralis. 3) Of the limited history you are given, which item could NOT be related to the vision issues she is experiencing? A) Alcohol intake B) Smoking tobacco C) Diabetes D) Exercising 3-4 times a week4) Myopia becomes more prevalent as one ages. A) TrueB) False 5) Kari has two grandparents who had glaucoma in their lifetime. Do any of Kari’s symptoms support a diagnosis of glaucoma? If so, which one(s)?6) Kari’s ophthalmologist measures her intraocular pressure and finds that it is normal. With this information, which of the following diagnoses can be ruled out? A) Cataracts B) Glaucoma C) Hyperopia D) Myopia 7) During her annual visit, her doctor asks Kari for more specific information regarding her current symptoms. Which of the following symptoms would NOT be suggestive of cataracts? A) Halos around lights B) Loss of peripheral vision C) Trouble with bright lights D) Faded colors 8) cataract consists of clouding in which structure? A) Cornea B) Sclera C) Lens D) Retina 9) If Kari is diagnosed with glaucoma, what is the most likely treatment? Describe the treatment. 10) If Kari is diagnosed with cataracts, what is the most likely treatment? Describe the treatment. 11) Maddie is a 6-year-old female with no prior history of major medical issues. She complained of right ear pain after an awkward head-first fall from a diving board yesterday. She landed in the pool and did not seem to have any apparent physical injuries, so her parents assumed she had headache from the impact and gave her acetaminophen. However, the pain persisted for a full day, so her parents have taken her to her pediatrician. Her parents have noticed that she is less responsive when speaking to her from her right side and are worried that she has suffered hearing loss from the fall. Maddie’s physician explains that there are different types of hearing loss. Damage to which of the following structures would cause conductive hearing loss? A) Tympanic membrane B) Cochlea C) Semicircular canals D) Vestibule12) Maddie’s physician explains that there are different types of hearing loss. Damage to which of the following structures would cause sensorineural hearing loss? A) Tympanic membrane B) Cochlea C) Malleus D) Incus 13) When Maddie’s physician examines her ear, he explains to her parents that she has a perforated eardrum. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A) Maddie has sensorineural hearing loss due to the perforated eardrum. B) A perforated “eardrum” means that there is a tear or hole in Maddie’s tympanic membrane. C) Maddie is at higher risk for ear infections due to the perforation. D) Maddie’s eardrum will likely heal on its own and she will not need surgery. 14) Maddie’s doctor performs tuning fork tests to help determine the source of her hearing loss. Which of the following tests compares bone conduction to air conduction? A) Rinne test B) Weber test 15) If Maddie’s hearing loss persists after her perforation is healed, which of the following scenarios is likely? A) Maddie suffered sensorineural AND conductive hearing loss from the head injury in the pool. B) Maddie will continue to lose hearing bilaterally as she ages. C) Her hearing loss is genetic and will be passed on to her future children. D) Maddie will likely lose hearing in her left ear, too, but less severely. 16) Medicine or surgery can often fix which type of hearing loss? A) Sensorineural hearing loss B) Conductive hearing loss 17) Which of the following is a common cause of sensorineural hearing loss? A) Fluid trapped in the middle ear B) Ruptured tympanic membrane C) Cerumen build up D) Aging 18) Identify and explain at least two possible complications of Maddie’s perforated eardrum.19) Which of the following structures is not part of the physiology of hearing? A) Incus B) Utricle C) Cochlea B) Auditory canal 20) A ruptured tympanic membrane DIRECTLY affects the movement/vibration of which ossicle? A) Malleus B) Incus C) Stapes D) Anvil21) The following are components of the retina:Choose all that apply. A) Cones B) Optic tract C) Rods D) MaculaBiologyScienceAnatomySCIENCE 100-7

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