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QuestionAnswered step-by-stepOld Navy Activewear Inc.(ONAI)

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QuestionAnswered step-by-stepOld Navy Activewear Inc.(ONAI) is a Montreal based company that…Old Navy Activewear Inc.(ONAI) is a Montreal based company that designs, manufactures and distributes undecorated active wear (t-shirts, track pants and hoodies) in large quantities.?NAI’s customers are primarily wholesale distributors who in turn decorate the products with designs and logos and sell the imprinted active wear. ONAI’s active wear products are often used for work or school uniforms, athletic team wear or company promotional materials.?NAI produces approximately 150 different product styles and each style is offered in a variety of colours and sizes (approx. 3600 different combinations of style and colour). Every year ONAI introduces approximately 50 new styles and colours and discontinues the same number of styles. ?he industry for undecorated active wear is highly competitive.?aintaining a product line that is consistent with current fashion trends is one of ONAIs main competitive advantages.?owever, the classic T-shirt and the various colours and sizes has been a standard item in the product line since inception.?he classic T-Shirt normally constitutes 30% of the inventory balance at any point in time.??????NAI was founded in 2010 and is equally owned by Catherine Binder and Francis Draper.?oth owners are actively involved in the day to day operations of the business.?atherine oversees the sales, administrative and finance areas while Francis oversees inventory management.?NAI is a profitable company and since 2005 it has experienced tremendous growth.?In 2017, ONAI purchased a manufacturing facility in Bradford Ontario.?he purchase was financed by a $7 million bank loan.?he terms of the loan require ONAI to maintain a current ratio of above 1.3 and the manufacturing facility is pledged as collateral for the loan.?he bank loan also requires that ONAI provide audited financial statements in compliance with ASPE within 60 days of year end.?NAI’s year-end is December 31st.?Cotton is the main raw material used in the manufacturing.?NAI mitigates fluctuations in cotton prices by purchasing cotton futures (sold in U.S. dollars).?n late 2019 the costs of cotton futures declined and Catherine and Francis decided to reduce selling prices in order to pass on the cost reductions to its distributers.?ue to a miscommunication between Francis and Catherine, Catherine reduced the selling prices before the reduction in cotton prices were realized.?The impact was a severe reduction in gross margins for the 2020 fiscal year. ?his error has caused a significant disagreement between Catherine and Francis and, as a result, Francis doesn’t feel that she can continue to work collaboratively with Catherine anymore.?he is considering triggering a buy-out clause in the shareholders agreement.?he clause allows her to purchase Catherine’s shares for 5 times net income.?nce Francis places this offer, Catherine must either accept the offer or counter the offer with a 30% premium.?ONAI’s credit risk for trade accounts receivable is highly concentrated as the majority of its sales are to a relatively small group of wholesale distributors.?NAI’s ten largest customers constitute 61% of total trade receivable and its largest customer, Print and Go Inc. accounts for 20% of total accounts receivable.?any of ONAI’s customers are highly leveraged and rely on ONAI providing favourable credit terms.?ost customers receive 45 day terms and long standing customers receive 60 day terms. Terms greater than 30 days are standard in the industry because of the time lapse between when the wholesale distributer will ultimately receive collection from the end consumer. ?xtending credit to customers involves considerable judgment. ONAI has a dedicated credit manager, Nancy Tight, who evaluates each customer’s financial condition and payment history.?t is her responsibility to prepare recommendations for customer credit limits and payment terms.?ancy reviews external credit ratings (if available), the customer’s financial statements and obtains bank and other references.?n the case of existing customers she also reviews the customers past payment history. Based on this analysis she prepares a recommendation and forwards it to Francis for approval.?Francis is very conservative when it comes to granting credit to new customers or increasing credit limits of existing customers.?he diligently reviews the research conducted by Nancy.?he often requires Nancy to reduce her recommended limits and has often denied extending credit to potential customers despite Nancy’s recommendation. Historically, due to this stringent process, ONAI has had insignificant bad debts.?nce new customers are approved Nancy enters the new customer details and agreed upon terms into the company’s ERP system.?ancy and Francis are the only employees who have access rights to add new customers and make changes to credit terms.?he system requires that Francis approve all changes.?t the end of each week the system generates a report noting all changes to the customer Masterfile.?his report is reviewed by both Francis and Catherine.?When customer orders are received they are entered into the system by a customer order clerk.?he system automatically validates the order and performs a check to ensure the order value plus the current customer balance is below the authorized credit limit.?When goods are shipped, the system automatically generates the sales invoice and the sales is recorded.?tandard sales terms are FOB shipping point.??The accounts receivable aging for the period ended December 31st 2020 is as follows:???When Catherine reduced the selling prices many customers complained that they had recently purchased the large quantities of product at the historical price. Many customers threatened to find a new supplier and since ONAI offers a right to return up to 30 days they threatened to return the merchandise. Catherine provided relief to these customers by offering all suppliers a price concession for orders they placed and delivered up to 3 months prior to the price change coming into effect.?ll customers were issued credit notes for the difference between the new selling price and the price they had paid for the merchandise.?Catherine made this decision unilaterally without consulting Francis.?t was this decision that caused the current ratio of the company to decline to 1.29.?his is one of the main reasons why Francis feels she can no longer work with Catherine.?atherine has a tendency to make unilateral decisions without consulting Francis.?Inventory consists mainly of raw materials and finished goods.?verage cost is the costing method used to value inventory.?nventory counts take place on December 31st of each year.?he warehouse is closed on December 31st and all items are tagged in numerical sequence.?ounters work in pairs and recount the others work.?rancis prepares detailed count instructions and supervises the count.?t the end of the count Francis ensures all tags are accounted for.?he results are entered into the system and a report is generated noting all products which had discrepancies between the count quantity and the quantity recorded in the perpetual records.?ll discrepancies of greater $20,000 are recounted. ?ne area of the warehouse is maintained to hold slow moving items.?hen trends change and styles are discontinued Francis ensures that the items are protected from getting damaged and stores them in the slow moving section.?he saves the items in anticipation of the trend for that particular item or colour will comeback in fashion. ?????????????????Required: ?ART 1?ou are the audit senior on the ONAI audit engagement and this is the first year your firm is completing the audit for the year-ended December 31, 2020.?reviously, the audit was conducted by a local sole practitioner. The audit manager has asked that you complete the following components of the audit file. ?Part A.?dentify 3 factors which impact the risk of material misstatement at the overall financial statement level.?or each factor indicate the impact on RMM (Increase or decrease). (3 marks)??escription of Factor Impact on RMM (increase or decrease)?Part B.?dentify 2 factors which impact the RMM for sales and accounts receivable cycle.?or each factor indicate the relevant account(s) and related assertion(s), the impact on RMM (increase or decrease) and the rational for the impact. (6 marks)??escription of Factor Relevant Account(s) and Related Assertion(s) Impact on RMM ( increase or decrease) and Rationale ??Part C.?dentify 2 factors which impact the RMM for inventory. For each factor indicate the impact on RMM (increase or decrease) and the rationale for the impact and state the assertion(s) at risk). (6 marks) ? Description of Factor Relevant Assertion(s) Impact on RMM (increase or decrease) and Rationale???????????? ????PART D. Based on the case facts, prepare an audit plan which outlines 4 procedures that the auditor should perform during the inventory count.?or each procedure indicate the related assertion.?6 marks)? Procedure Assertion?????? ?????????????PART E.?ou obtained an inventory report listing all inventory items by product number for the period ended December 31, 2020.?or each product number the following information is provided:?he average cost, the quantity on hand, the total cost (quantity x average cost), the most recent selling price, the total number of units sold in the past fiscal year, the date the item was last produced.?rovide 2 different tests you would perform to identify products that have a high RMM for the valuation assertion.?2 marks)??escription of Test 1?? Description of Test 2?????????ART F.?repare the audit plan related to accounts receivable confirmations.?he plan should include:??????.The type of confirmations to be used: positive or negative confirmations.?nclude a rationale based on case facts. (2 marks)?i.?????ased on the case facts identify 3 items/categories in accounts receivable that you would select for inclusion in the accounts receivable testing. Include your rationale for selecting these items to test.?ote:?ssume you plan to use judgmental sampling method for accounts receivable confirmations and performance materiality is $200,000. ( 3 marks) Item or Category in A/R Rationale????????????BusinessAccountingSCS 2331Share Question

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