Read the following passage carefully before you choose your answer.This passage is taken from a letter written by a father to his son.DEAR BOY,???????????????????????????????????????????????????Bath, October the 4th, O. S. 1746.(1) Though I employ so much of my time in writing to you, I confess I have often my doubts whether it is to any purpose. (2) I know how unwelcome advice generally is; I know that those who want it most like it and follow it least; and I know, too, that the advice of parents, more particularly, is ascribed to the moroseness, the imperiousness, or the garrulity of old age. (3) But then, on the other hand, I flatter myself, that as your own reason (though too young as yet to suggest much to you of itself) is, however, strong enough to enable you both to judge of and receive plain truths: I flatter myself, I say, that your own reason, young as it is, must tell you, that I can have no interest but yours in the advice I give you; and that, consequently, you will at least weigh and consider it well: in which case, some of it will, I hope, have its effect. (4) Do not think that I mean to dictate as a parent; I only mean to advise as a friend, and an indulgent one too: and do not apprehend that I mean to check your pleasures; of which, on the contrary, I only desire to be the guide, not the censor. (5) Let my experience supply your want of it, and clear your way in the progress of your youth of those thorns and briers which scratched and disfigured me in the course of mine. (6) I do not, therefore, so much as hint to you how absolutely dependent you are upon me; that you neither have nor can have a shilling in the world but from me; and that, as I have no womanish weakness for your person, your merit must and will be the only measure of my kindness. (7) I say, I do not hint these things to you, because I am convinced that you will act right upon more noble and generous principles; I mean, for the sake of doing right, and out of affection and gratitude to me.(8) I have so often recommended to you attention and application to whatever you learn, that I do not mention them now as duties, but I point them out to you as conducive, nay, absolutely necessary, to your pleasures; for can there be a greater pleasure than to be universally allowed to excel those of one’s own age and manner of life? And, consequently, can there be anything more mortifying than to be excelled by them? (9) In this latter case, your shame and regret must be greater than anybody’s, because everybody knows the uncommon care which has been taken of your education, and the opportunities you have had of knowing more than others of your age. (10) I do not confine the application which I recommend, singly to the view and emulation of excelling others (though that is a very sensible pleasure and a very I warrantable pride); but I mean likewise to excel in the thing itself: for, in my mind, one may as well not know a thing at all, as know it but imperfectly. (11) To know a little of anything, gives neither satisfaction nor credit, but often brings disgrace or ridicule.The writer wants to change the beginning of sentence 4 (reproduced below), to more clearly show the relationship between sentences 3 and 4.Do not think that I mean to dictate as a parent;? only mean to advise as a friend, and an indulgent one too: and do not apprehend that I mean to check your pleasures; of which, on the contrary, I only desire to be the guide, not the censor.Which of the following versions of the?nderlined?ortion of sentence 4 best accomplishes this goal? (5 points)Surprisingly, I do not mean to dictate as a parent;(As it is now)Notwithstanding, I do not mean to dictate as a parent;Likewise, please do not think that I mean to dictate as a parent;Therefore, I do not wish to dictate as a parent;18.?ead the following passage carefully before you choose your answer.This passage is taken from a speech given by President Ronald Reagan to the people of West Berlin in 1987.(4)Behind me stands a wall that encircles the free sectors of this city, part of a vast system of barriers that divides the entire continent of Europe. From the Baltic, south, those barriers cut across Germany in a gash of barbed wire, concrete, dog runs, and guard towers. Farther south, there may be no visible, no obvious wall. But there remain armed guards and checkpoints all the same?till a restriction on the right to travel, still an instrument to impose upon ordinary men and women the will of a totalitarian state. Yet it is here in Berlin where the wall emerges most clearly; here, cutting across your city, where the news photo and the television screen have imprinted this brutal division of a continent upon the mind of the world. Standing before the Brandenburg Gate, every man is a German, separated from his fellow men. Every man is a Berliner, forced to look upon a scar.(5)President von Weizsacker has said, “The German question is open as long as the Brandenburg Gate is closed.” Today I say: As long as the gate is closed, as long as this scar of a wall is permitted to stand, it is not the German question alone that remains open, but the question of freedom for all mankind. Yet I do not come here to lament. For I find in Berlin a message of hope, even in the shadow of this wall, a message of triumph.The tone of paragraph four can best be described as (5 points)determinedhumbleindignantconciliatoryresolvedArts & HumanitiesEnglishEnglish LiteratureENGLISH APGet a plagiarism-free order today we guarantee confidentiality and a professional paper and we will meet the deadline.
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